**On correctness of basic postulates
of SR**
S. B. Karavashkin and O.N. Karavashkina
Special Laboratory for Fundamental Elaboration SELF
187 apt., 38 bldg., Prospect Gagarina, Kharkov, 61140,
Ukraine
phone +38 (057) 7370624
e-mail: __selftrans@yandex.ru__,
__selflab@mail.ru__
*We will study the basic postulates of special theory of
relativity: the postulate of constant speed of light in all reference frames (L-postulate)
and the postulate of relativity. We will show impossible to introduce the L-postulate out
of denying the aether as a material substance, and if we try to return the aether to SR
without complete revision of the basis of this conception, of L-postulate in that number,
this will cause the discrepancies in SR as the whole. *
*We will see that the L-postulate has been substantiated
on the formulas illegally taken from Maxwellian conception that were convenient for
Relativity, out of interconnection and inter-causation of these formulas with material
substance whose regularities these formulas reflect after Maxwell and Lorentz. Such
practice can give nothing else than the discrepancy of the whole relativistic formalism.*
*On a specific problem of mutual motion of two equal
rods, we will show that when relativists agreed the relativity principle with the
L-postulate, violating the principle of equivalence of inertial reference frames, the
Lorentz transformation caused an imaginary violation of simultaneity in inertial frames
being contradictory to the physical time in these frames introduced by relativists. We
will reveal that the absolute value of non-simultaneity of events is independent of the
choice of coordinate system; this causes its ambiguity and violates the physical logic on
whose basis the transformation has been derived.*
*Also we will show that the time transformation,
according to the relativistic transformation, depends on the pattern of motion, and the
main, on the direction of body’s motion. Together with the erroneous relativistic
understanding of the frame turn by the complex angle, this ambiguity of Lorentz
transformation makes the transformation incorrect.*
*We will try to agree the absolute values of
non-simultaneity of events that follow from the transformation with the local physical
time in the moving frame. As the result, ambiguity of mapping of coordinate systems
disappears, events in both inertial frames become simultaneous, but the new equations
become irrelevant to the L-postulate, which is quite in order. *
*Basing on the many-sided study, we can surely conclude
that both postulates taken by Einstein as the basis of SR are incorrect.*
**Key words:** special theory of relativity, *L*-postulate,
aether, relativity principle, equivalence of the reference frames, relativity of
simultaneity, Lorentz transformation, turn by the complex angle
**Classification by MSC 2000:** 83A05
**Classification by PASC 2001:** 03.30.+p
**1. Introduction **
In [1]–[5] we multiply analysed different aspects of
the special and general theories of relativity and showed discrepancies in the
phenomenology of approaches to the problem and clear manipulations with formulas and terms
that relativists made when built their conception. All these studies did not touch the
issue, why it was so necessary to intentionally introduce such abundance of mistakes and
discrepancies. Here we will analyse the basic postulates of relativistic conception and
show that the discrepancies and violations of physical logic have been put namely in
postulates, and all next mistakes and paradoxes followed from this. |