VOLUME 4, issue 1 



Published on 01.02.2004 

We will study the gradient of potential function of dynamic field and show that in dynamic fields the gradient of function divides into coordinatedependent and timedependent parts. We will show the standard expression connecting the electric field strength with vector and scalar potentials to be the consequence of this division of gradient in dynamic fields. Due to this, curl of gradient of potential function is not zero. Keywords: theoretical physics; mathematical physics; wave physics; vector algebra; EM theory; dynamic potential fields; gradient of potential function of dynamic field; curl of dynamic gradient of potential function; dynamic field of pulsing potential source; dynamic field of oscillating potential source Classification by MSC 2000: 76B47, 78A02, 78A25, 78A40 Classification by PASC 2001: 03.50.z; 03.50.De; 41.20.Jb; 41.20.q; 41.60.m


Nicolay K. Noskov COSMOLOGICAL COSMOGONICAL NEBULAR HYPOTHESIS 

Published on 01.02.2004 

Should we be able to observe things in sequentially increasing scale, down to subatomic particles, we would demonstrate all laws of physics. Plasma physics prohibits stars to have magnetic field. However now we know, stars and planets have it. Solution of this phenomenon is hid in the physics of atom. Electron envelopes surrounding celestial bodies cause basic phenomena corroborated by observation astronomy and have key part in stars and planets evolution 

Keywords: cosmology, cosmogony, electric field of stars, magnetic field of stars Classification by MSC 2000: 83F05; 8599; 85A15; 85A40 Classification by PASC 2001: 95.10.a; 95.30.k; 95.30.Qd; 97.10.Bt; 97.10.Cv; 97.10.Ex; 97.10.Ld


S.B. Karavashkin and O.N. Karavashkina. ON THE METHODS TO STUDY DYNAMIC SCALAR POTENTIAL 

Published on 04.04.2004 

Using the method of transforming grid, we study the space and time distribution of scalar potential of dynamic dipole and correlate it with the conventional conception and experimental methods. We analyse the direction diagrams, vector diagrams of electric field strength in the near and far field of dipole, and study the causes, why the wave velocity in the near field of dipole grows. To broaden the area of used method to visualise the fields, we study the field of acoustic dipole and show that its performance fully correlates with the related values of electric dipole.  
Key words: acoustics, electromagnetic field, near field of dipole, scalar potential, gradient of potential, curl of gradient of potential, direction diagram, propagation velocity of electromagnetic waves Classification by MSC 2000: 3199, 76N15, 76Q05, 78A02, 78A25, 78A40 Classification by PASC 2001: 03.50.z; 03.50.De; 03.50.Kk; 41.20.Jb; 43.20.+g; 43.40.+s; 46.40.Cd 

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S.B. Karavashkin and O.N. Karavashkina ON PHYSICAL NATURE OF POSTULATE OF EXISTENCE OF STABLE STATIONARY STATES OF OSCILLATORS 

Published on 04.06.2004 

We analyse electron orbiting in atom and why its orbit was postulated stationary. The cause is the insufficient attention to the mutual revolution of electron and nucleus around their common centre of inertia. We study the field of proton in classical formalism, given its orbiting, and reveal the shape of this field  diverging spiral with tangential component which stabilises the electron's orbit. This field has the frequency of stationary orbiting electron and the measure of inertia proportional to that of proton, which allows not only to stabilise the orbit of electron in the conservative system, but returns the electron to this orbit when pulsing external affections. Under variation of kinetic temperature of atom, this field, retaining its structure, changes the tuning for new parameters of electron's orbiting. The revealed field is inherent in not only atomic systems but also in macrosystems, up to celestial bodies like galaxies. Despite considerable difference in scale of fields, conditions of their formation and pattern of affection onto periphery of systems, the structure of dynamic field remains and has the shape of diverging spiral. The features of field structure also remain with it, both for electric and gravitation fields. In particular, in galaxies this field causes formation of spiral arms concentrating the gasdust complexes and condensing the stars of second generation. We analyse different conditions of formation of such dynamic fields and their affection onto the observed structures of star systems. 

Key words: mathematical physics, theoretical physics, astronomy, cosmology, field structure of atom, orbit of electron, precession of nucleus, postulate of stationary orbits, galaxy arms, condition of star formation 

Classnames by MS 2000: 31C99, 37C27, 37N05, 70F05, 70F15, 70K20, 70M20, 85A05, 85A15, 85A40 Classnames by PASC 2001: 31.25.Eb, 31.30.i, 45.50.j, 45.50.Jf, 45.50.Pk, 95.30.k, 87.10.Kc, 97.10.Gz, 97.60.Lf, 98.10.+z, 98.35.Df, 98.35.Eg, 98.35.Hj, 98.35.Jk, 98.52.Eh, 98.52.Nr, 98.62.Hr, 98.62.Js


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S.B. Karavashkin and O.N. Karavashkina EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF ELECTROMOTIVE FORCE INDUCED BY INHOMOGENEOUS MAGNETIC FIELD 

Published on 11.07.2004 Updated on 01.08.2004 

We will consider two formulations of induction law: differential, based on Faraday conception of wire interaction with magnetic field, and integral, based on Maxwell conception of interaction of the loop area with the crossing flux. Using the models of rectilinear loop with a movable side and of unipolar generator, we will show that Maxwell conception remains true exceptionally for the loop with a movable side. Only for such model this formulation predicts the same results as Faraday formulation does. At the same time, Faraday formulation is true both mathematically and phenomenologically for a broad class of models in homogeneous and inhomogeneous magnetic fields. To check it experimentally, we developed a set with the transforming secondary loop and put it into an inhomogeneous timevariable magnetic field. Obtained experimental results will unambiguously corroborate that Faraday conception reliably describes the induction process on the basis of wire interaction with magnetic field, and that Maxwell integral conception is illegal. Obtained experimental results have also corroborated that it is legal to use the compensation loop with a single probe in studying the local magnetic fields, which we used in the before study of induction in an air gap of transformer. 

Keywords: electromagnetic theory, dynamical magnetic field, dynamical electric field, electromagnetic induction, electromagnetic induction, induction in a single conductor 

Classification by PASC 2001: 03.50.z; 03.50.De; 41.20.Gz; 85.30.Tv; 85.70.w; 85.70.Ay; 85.80.Jm.


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